Tony Cox

    Accounting reports should follow a standard format and presentation as determined by the writer's department, but most accounting dissertations will have five chapters: (1) an introduction, (2) a review of relevant literature regarding the topic, (3) a description of the writer's method of analysis, (4) a chapter reporting the writer's results or findings, and (5) a discussion chapter suggesting the implications of the report research. The introduction chapter of an accounting dissertation will clearly present the topic or problem the report will address, the research questions the report will seek to answer, hypotheses regarding the study's answers to those research questions, and an overview of the limitations of the study. The second chapter—the literature review—requires the researcher to present a survey of scholarly studies relevant to the chosen accounting topic. Each study discussed should be clearly and thoroughly explained in its own paragraph or set of paragraphs, and should give a complete description of the study's findings. The third chapter—often known as the methodology or method chapter—presents a detailed explanation of how the researcher will address the research questions and problems outlined in chapter one. This should include information about the participants of the study, if the study is using participants; the methods of data collection and analysis that will be implemented; and the instruments that will be used to gather and analyze data. The results chapter reports on the study's findings. This chapter will address the outcomes of each hypothesis and provide the results of statistical analysis of the data. The final chapter of an accounting dissertation—commonly known as the discussion chapter—should suggest the implications of the study by pointing to ways in which the study may be applied in the practice of accounting and ways the study can be augmented by further research.

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